Choosing Between Two Types of Disaster Management Plans

Choosing Between Two Types of Disaster Management Plans


Disaster management, according to most experienced emergency and disaster responders, is a complex system of preparation. As most people would say, "How would you be able to prepare yourself for something that you do not know?" Complicated as it may sound, effective disaster management planning actually takes seventy-five percent common sense and, surprisingly, twenty-five percent premonition. More often than not, disaster management fails because the emergency team has left out that petty but important twenty-five percent of premonition.

Understanding Disaster Management

In reality, two scenarios might occur in an emergency. It is either an emergency that is being strategically prepared for, or something that has never been seen but is potentially risky. Identifying both is an important aspect of disaster management. An emergency team may design a plan that targets likely hazards or opt for a comprehensive disaster management plan that addresses most typical emergency situations. The latter option is seen by many as more flexible and cost-effective in terms of disaster management efficiency.

All-Risk vs. Agent-Specific Plans

All-Risk Disaster Management Plan

This approach, also called "all-hazards," covers a wide range of potential emergencies. It is best suited for organizations based in diverse demographics. It is too risky to consider only a few emergency situations. This is especially true in large cities like New York, where every possible risk must be given proper attention. Although it might sound complex, this decision can benefit the organization by minimizing expenditures. Efficiency is achieved if plans are properly implemented, so make sure that your disaster management team is well-oriented.

Agent-Specific Disaster Management Plan

In regions where emergency considerations are more focused on specific weather conditions and geographical threats, the agent-specific type of disaster management plan is more useful. For example, in Canada, where floods, wildfires, and earthquakes are more likely to happen, emergency plans are greatly focused on these areas. Human-caused incidents such as home invasions, terrorism, and robbery are also considered in agent-specific planning.

Choosing the Right Plan

Choosing wisely between the two is crucial. Even though an all-risk disaster management plan is more cost-effective, in some cases, agent-specific plans can be more suitable. Here are some easy-to-follow hints on how you can effectively implement your disaster management plan without overspending and minimizing the possible damages of a disaster.

1. Assess Your Region’s Risks 

Identify the specific risks that are most likely to affect your area. If you are in a region prone to specific types of disasters, an agent-specific plan might be more appropriate.

2. Evaluate Your Organization’s Needs 

Consider the size and scope of your organization. Larger organizations in urban areas may benefit more from an all-risk approach due to the diverse nature of potential emergencies.

3. Develop a Comprehensive Plan 

Whether you choose an all-risk or agent-specific plan, ensure it is comprehensive. Include all necessary resources, communication strategies, and emergency protocols.

4. Train Your Team 

Proper implementation is key to disaster management. Make sure your disaster management team is well-trained and regularly conducts drills to stay prepared.

5. Regularly Update Your Plan 

Disaster management plans should be living documents. Regularly review and update them to reflect new risks, changes in your organization, or lessons learned from past emergencies.


Deciding between an all-risk and an agent-specific disaster management plan depends on various factors, including regional risks and organizational needs. By carefully evaluating these factors and ensuring proper implementation, you can effectively minimize the potential damages of a disaster. For more information and high-quality survival products, visit Stay prepared and stay safe.

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